Javascript Project to Show HTML5 Context Menu on Mouse Right Click on Element in Browser Full Project For Beginners

 

 

index.html

 

 

<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <title>HTML DOM - Show a custom context menu at clicked position</title>
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="/css/demo.css" />
        <link rel="preconnect" href="https://fonts.gstatic.com" />
        <link
            rel="stylesheet"
            href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Inter&family=Source+Code+Pro&display=swap"
        />
        <style>
            .container {
                position: relative;
            }
            .container__trigger {
                /* Center the content */
                align-items: center;
                display: flex;
                justify-content: center;

                /* Size */
                height: 16rem;
                width: 16rem;

                /* Misc */
                border: 1px solid #cbd5e0;
            }
            .container__menu {
                /* Absolute position */
                position: absolute;

                /* Reset */
                list-style-type: none;
                margin: 0;
                padding: 0;

                /* Misc */
                border: 1px solid #cbd5e0;
                border-radius: 0.25rem;
                background-color: #f7fafc;
            }
            .container__menu--hidden {
                display: none;
            }
            .container__item {
                padding: 0.5rem 1rem;
                white-space: nowrap;
            }
            .container__item:hover {
                background-color: #bee3f8;
            }
            .container__divider {
                border-bottom: 1px solid #cbd5e0;
                height: 1px;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div style="align-items: center; display: flex; justify-content: center; padding: 4rem">
            <div class="container">
                <div class="container__trigger" id="element">Right-click me</div>

                <ul id="menu" class="container__menu container__menu--hidden">
                    <li class="container__item">First action</li>
                    <li class="container__item">Second action</li>
                    <li class="container__divider"></li>
                    <li class="container__item">Yet another action</li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>

        <script>
            document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () {
                const ele = document.getElementById('element');
                const menu = document.getElementById('menu');

                ele.addEventListener('contextmenu', function (e) {
                    e.preventDefault();

                    const rect = ele.getBoundingClientRect();
                    const x = e.clientX - rect.left;
                    const y = e.clientY - rect.top;

                    // Set the position for menu
                    menu.style.top = `${y}px`;
                    menu.style.left = `${x}px`;

                    // Show the menu
                    menu.classList.remove('container__menu--hidden');

                    document.addEventListener('click', documentClickHandler);
                });

                // Hide the menu when clicking outside of it
                const documentClickHandler = function (e) {
                    const isClickedOutside = !menu.contains(e.target);
                    if (isClickedOutside) {
                        menu.classList.add('container__menu--hidden');
                        document.removeEventListener('click', documentClickHandler);
                    }
                };
            });
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

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