C++ Program to Implement Dijkstra’s Greedy Shortest Path Algorithm Full Project For Beginners

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Welcome folks today in this blog post we will be implementing Dijkstra's Greedy Shortest Path Algorithm in C++ . All the full source code of the application is shown below.

 

 

 

 

Get Started

 

 

 

In order to get started you need to make an app.cpp file and copy paste the following code

 

 

app.cpp

 

 

// A C++ program for Dijkstra's single source shortest path algorithm.
// The program is for adjacency matrix representation of the graph

#include <limits.h>
#include <stdio.h>

// Number of vertices in the graph
#define V 9

// A utility function to find the vertex with minimum distance value, from
// the set of vertices not yet included in shortest path tree
int minDistance(int dist[], bool sptSet[])
{
    // Initialize min value
    int min = INT_MAX, min_index;

    for (int v = 0; v < V; v++)
        if (sptSet[v] == false && dist[v] <= min)
            min = dist[v], min_index = v;

    return min_index;
}

// A utility function to print the constructed distance array
void printSolution(int dist[])
{
    printf("Vertex \t\t Distance from Source\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)
        printf("%d \t\t %d\n", i, dist[i]);
}

// Function that implements Dijkstra's single source shortest path algorithm
// for a graph represented using adjacency matrix representation
void dijkstra(int graph[V][V], int src)
{
    int dist[V]; // The output array. dist[i] will hold the shortest
    // distance from src to i

    bool sptSet[V]; // sptSet[i] will be true if vertex i is included in shortest
    // path tree or shortest distance from src to i is finalized

    // Initialize all distances as INFINITE and stpSet[] as false
    for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)
        dist[i] = INT_MAX, sptSet[i] = false;

    // Distance of source vertex from itself is always 0
    dist[src] = 0;

    // Find shortest path for all vertices
    for (int count = 0; count < V - 1; count++) {
        // Pick the minimum distance vertex from the set of vertices not
        // yet processed. u is always equal to src in the first iteration.
        int u = minDistance(dist, sptSet);

        // Mark the picked vertex as processed
        sptSet[u] = true;

        // Update dist value of the adjacent vertices of the picked vertex.
        for (int v = 0; v < V; v++)

            // Update dist[v] only if is not in sptSet, there is an edge from
            // u to v, and total weight of path from src to v through u is
            // smaller than current value of dist[v]
            if (!sptSet[v] && graph[u][v] && dist[u] != INT_MAX
                && dist[u] + graph[u][v] < dist[v])
                dist[v] = dist[u] + graph[u][v];
    }

    // print the constructed distance array
    printSolution(dist);
}

// driver program to test above function
int main()
{
    /* Let us create the example graph discussed above */
    int graph[V][V] = { { 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 0 },
                        { 4, 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 11, 0 },
                        { 0, 8, 0, 7, 0, 4, 0, 0, 2 },
                        { 0, 0, 7, 0, 9, 14, 0, 0, 0 },
                        { 0, 0, 0, 9, 0, 10, 0, 0, 0 },
                        { 0, 0, 4, 14, 10, 0, 2, 0, 0 },
                        { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 1, 6 },
                        { 8, 11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 7 },
                        { 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 6, 7, 0 } };

    dijkstra(graph, 0);

    return 0;
}

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